A greater proportion of Muslim physicians confront discrimination at work.
- In 2013, 19% of participants reported sometimes experiencing religious discrimination in the workplace, while 5% reported often or always encountering discrimination during their careers.
- In 2021, 41% of participants reported sometimes experiencing religious discrimination in the workplace, while 12% reported often or always experiencing discrimination.
A similar increase was seen in a question about participants’ current workplace:
- In 2013, 14% of participants reported currently experiencing religious discrimination at work.
- In 2021, 36% of participants reported currently experiencing discrimination at work.
Muslim physicians increasingly perceive that they have been passed over for professional advancement because of their religious identity.
Interviewees echoed this phenomenon and shared specific instances. For example, a South Asian female physician stated:
Aside from being rejected by patients, participants also encountered discriminatory comments from patients; for example, a South Asian female interviewee reported that patients made comments such as:
Muslim physicians are increasingly leaving their jobs due to workplace discrimination.
Interview participants noted cumulative stress compelled them to leave. As one South Asian male participant shared: