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Dr. Iman Farajallah
Dr. Iman Farajallah Biography Doctor of Psychology(PsyD) Dr. Iman Farajallah is a Doctor of Psychology (PSY.D.) in Clinical Psychology. She has a Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology and a Master of Behavioral Science...View Details
Mayar Al-Shaikhli is a senior at Sumner Academy of the Arts and Science in Kansas City, Kansas. She hopes to pursue a career in medicine and is currently exploring the field through research projects like this one. Ult...View Details
Huma Manjra is a 4th year undergraduate student at Northwestern University studying Neuroscience and Global Health. She is currently applying to medical school and in her gap year, she will be a seminary student at the Institute of Knowledge, studyin...View Details
Natasha Piracha is an Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics at Columbia University Irving Medical Center/Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital. She serves as the co-director of the pediatric palliative care service and as an attending of the ad...View Details
Ummesalmah Abdulbaseer is a 4th year medical student at the University of Illinois College of Medicine applying into Internal Medicine. She joined IIM as a co-lead of the MAHSN project and has been working on another project related to alternative me...View Details
Sondos Al Sad
Sondos Al sad is currently an Assistant Professor at the College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Department of Family and Community Medicine. She is the head of Education Department of Noor Islamic Cultural Center (NICC) in Dublin, Ohio, and part...View Details
Mufti Nazim Khutbah
Qualitative Study and Interviews
Fifty Muslim multiethnicity women (40 years old and above) were interviewed (6 focused group) and 19 in individual interviews. We found religious beliefs did informed mammography intention, which includes (1) the perceived religious duty to care for one’s health, (2) religious practices as methods of disease prevention, (3) fatalistic notions about health, and (4) comfort with gender concordant health care.
Quantitative Study and survey
240, 40 years of age or older, were surveyed (72 respondents were Arab, 71 South Asian, 59 African American, and 38 from another ethnicity). We found that positive religious coping and perceived religious discrimination in health settings significantly (negatively) affected mammogram adherence among Muslim women in Chicago.
American Cancer Society mammogram recommendations
Mammogram recommendation for women at average risk or breast cancer
- Women between 40 and 44 have a choice to have a mammography every year.
- Women 45 to 54 should get mammograms every year.
- Women 55 and older can switch to a mammogram every other year, or they can choose to continue yearly mammograms.
Reframing “switch train tracks”
- Keep the barriers belief intact but change the way one thinks about it so it is consonant with the desired health behavior
- Normalizes the barrier belief
Reprioritize: “show them a better train”
- Introduce a new belief and create higher valence for it than the barrier belief
- Normalization of the barrier belief is optional
Reform: “breakdown the train carriage”
- Negate the barrier belief by demonstrating its faults by appealing to authority structures